Muscle activity during locomotion in various inclination surfaces and different running speeds.
During dynamic activities – walking, jogging and running, muscular function is affected by running techniques and foot strike patterns, inclined surfaces and running speed. In order to assess muscle function during these activities, most studies examine certain muscles such as tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius (lateral and medial), soleus, rectus femoris, vastus (medialis and lateralis), hamstrings (biceps femoris, semimembranosus, semitendinosus), and gluteus. These muscles are commonly selected because they provide supportive and propulsive forces during running. Results of these studies may conclude to special training programs for runners in order to improve their performance.
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